Image of a country road

Highways Devolution Questions and Answers

Questions and Answers

Select a question to reveal/hide the answer:

Local Government public services in Essex are delivered by three levels of Council – County; District/City/Borough and, in many places, also by Parish or Town Councils. Each of these organisations have specific areas of responsibility. With a few exceptions, such as roads managed by National Highways, and unadopted roads, we are responsible for maintenance and improvement of the highway network within our administrative area.

We are keen to explore how joint working could deliver better outcomes for Essex residents and businesses. In November 2018, the Cabinet Member for Infrastructure, started a dialogue to jointly review how certain highways services might be delivered via Parish/Town Councils.

We have identified a number of highway maintenance services that could benefit from local management and delivery. Delivery by a local council would enable quicker response in a more targeted way, as a result of the local community’s own local knowledge and priorities. This could increase local satisfaction, generating increasing greater community pride and helping to focus limited County resources where they will add more value.

Essex Parish and Town Councils are invited to join a pilot project to test the concept of limited highways devolution. In essence, councils in the pilot sign an agreement with us to deliver one or more specific highways-related services within their local council boundary, on our behalf. We provide limited funding for the pilot and a limited level of technical advice, including health and safety matters, but the local council is responsible for delivering the service(s) agreed.

Any Parish or Town Council within our overall administrative area can opt-in to the pilot, provided it is before 30 June 2021. Separate discussions are going on with District/City/Borough councils.

The pilot is running from April 21 until March 2022. Councils can sign up to the pilot until the end of June 2021.

Please visit the Highways Devolution webpage, where the in-scope services are listed.

Can a local council select which of the in-scope services they would like to deliver, or do they have to deliver all the listed services?

Councils who join the pilot may sign up to deliver any combination of the ones listed, to suit their local priorities and focus, but are not obliged to deliver them all.

We want to keep people safe, focus on what’s important locally, avoid complicated, time-consuming works and high-budget projects. Consequently, the following types of works are not in-scope during the pilot:

  • Any works in the carriageway (i.e. working on or in the road)
  • Any works that involve equipment using electricity. This includes, but is not limited to lit signs, streetlights, traffic lights and lit bollards etc.
  • Works on structures such as bridges, culverts or subways

Further clarification can be given once a council are in dialogue with us regarding participation.

We prefer that this pilot scheme focus away from the PRoW network. For example, minor repairs to footways (for instance hard-surface pedestrian paths next to a road) would be promoted, rather than PRoW footpaths. If a council wishes to carry out work on a PRoW they can contact the PRoW team separately.

Generally, no. Devolution means just that – devolving management, decision-making and operations to the local council, to deliver works as they see fit.

However, Parish & Town Councils who sign up do get a comprehensive Health and Safety briefing from Essex Highways professionals, covering the sorts of things the participating councils should consider. We also have a lead officer who can provide advice around the scope of the pilot and the grant agreement and finances.

The EALC can also provide advice, based on their extensive knowledge of Parish Council legislation.

We do not want to create a vast, unwieldy bureaucracy, however it is important both for liability issues and for management of the highways assets that a basic record of all works is kept.

During the pilot, a simple template will be provided for participating councils to complete and send back to us every month. It will need to be completed with simple facts like the date, type of works, identifiable location, scope of work(s) and the supplier who did the work. Also at least one good photo of any defect tackled plus one of the post-works repair.

The council that commissions the work would usually be responsible for those works, and the local council and their contractor will be responsible for works carried out by them on the network. All councils should have existing Public Liability cover. It may be that a participating council needs to check their level of cover.

For the pilot, we have calculated a sum per participating Parish or Town that equates to 68p per person in the Parish, with a minimum grant of £1000. It will be provided as a lump sum grant to the participating council when all agreement documentation has been signed by all parties.

Parish and Town Councils are precepting authorities so if they see opportunities to do more work locally, they may decide to raise their parish precept and add that additional funding in.

Possibly. It will depend on the particular circumstances of the withdrawal, and the amount of work already delivered. Councils should read the details in the formal agreements.

Part of the point of the devolution pilot is to empower Parishes and Towns to manage their own affairs. It will be up to participating councils to manage how and when they spend the grant, although we would encourage Councils to think about how they might spend throughout the year to deal with residents’ issues as they arise.

We think that is one of the great opportunities to consider, that might suit certain Parishes. Pooling of grants, plus expertise and/or existing resources and equipment that Parishes and Towns may already have, might enable them to do more in their joint areas, for the same amount of money.